The Impact of Positionalities and Identities on Women’s Lives and Experiences in a Gender- Responsive Program (GRP) in a Jail Setting
AbstractThe purpose of this study is to analyze the life histories of incarcerated and formerly incarcerated women and their experiences with a jail’s gender-responsive program. Ten women participated in life history interviews. Data was analyzed using the constant comparative method (Glaser & Strauss, 1967) through lenses of positionalities, family systems theory, and identity theory. Childhood abuse and trauma affected women’s life experiences. Their ability to build healthy relationships, trust others and imagine possible selves impacted how they experienced GRP in jail. Age and gender affected how they experienced the criminal justice system. Findings have implications for social justice education and GRPs.
Belknap, J. (2007). The invisible woman: Gender, crime, and justice (3rd ed.). Belmont, CA: Thomson Wadsworth.
Bonilla-Silva, E. (1997). Rethinking racism: Toward a structural interpretation. American Sociological Review, 62(3), 465-480.
Cannon, E. A., Bonomi, A. E., Anderson, M. L., Rivara, F. P., & Thompson, R. S. (2010). Adult health and relationship outcomes among women with abuse experiences during childhood. Violence and Victims, 25(3), 291-305. doi: 10.1891/0886-6708.25.3.291
Carr, W., & Kemmis, S. (1986). Becoming critical. Education, knowledge and action research. London, England: Falmer.
Carson, E. A. (2015). Prisoners in 2014 (NCJ 248955). Retrieved from Bureau of Justice Statistics website: http://www. bjs. gov/content/pub/pdf/p14. pdf.
Chesney-Lind, M., & Pasko, L. (2004). The female offender: Girls, women, and crime (2nd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Concha, M., Villar, M. E., Tafur-Salgado, R., Ibanez, S., & Azevedo, L. (2016). Fatherhood education from a cultural perspective: Evolving Roles and identities after a fatherhood intervention for Latinos in South Florida. Journal of Latinos and Education, 15(3), 170- 179. doi: 10.1080/15348431.2015.1099532
Covington, S. S., & Bloom, B. E. (2006). Gender responsive treatment and services in correctional settings. Women & Therapy, 29(3), 9-33. doi: 10.1300/J015v29n03_02
Cross, S. E. & Markus, H. R. (1994) Self-schemas, possible selves, and competent performance. Journal of Educational Psychology, 86(3), 423–438. doi: 10.1037/0022-0622.214.171.1243
Freire, P. (2000). Pedagogy of the oppressed. (20th anniversary edition). New York, NY: Contiuum.
Glaser, B. G., & Strauss, A. (1967). The discovery of grounded theory. New York, NY: Alpine.
Kerr. M. E., & Bowen, M. (2009). Family evaluation: An approach based on Bowen theory. New York, NY: W. W. Norton.
Mantsios, G. (2016). Class in America. In P. S. Rothenberg (with S. Munshi) (eds.), Race, class, gender, in the United States: An integrated study. (10th ed) (pp. 144-162) New York, NY: Worth Publishers.
Markus, H. & Nurius, P. (1986) Possible selves. American Psychologist, 41(9), 954–969. doi: 10.1037/0003-066X.41.9.954
McCampbell, S. (2005). The gender-responsive strategies project: Jail applications. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Justice, National Institute of Corrections.
National Sexual Violence Resource Center. (2011). Child sexual abuse prevention: Overview. Retrieved on 3/12/2017: http://www.nsvrc.org/sites/default/files/Publications_NSVRC_Overview_Child-sexual- abuse-prevention_0.pdf
Papero, D. V. (1990). Bowen family systems theory. New York, NY: Prentice Hall.
Rothenberg, P. S. (2016). Race, class, and gender in the United States: An Integrated Study. (10th Ed). New York, NY: Worth Publishers.
Sanderson, P. R., Teufel-Shone, N. I., Baldwin, J. A., Sandoval, N., & Robinson, F. (2010). Breast cancer education for Navajo women: A pilot study evaluating a culturally relevant video. Journal of Cancer Education, 25(2), 217-223.
Sentencing Project (2016). Incarcerated women and girls. Retrieved on 12/12/2016: http://www.sentencingproject.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/02/Incarcerated-Women-and- Girls.pdf
Staton-Tindall, M., Duvall, J. L., Leukefeld, C., & Oser, C. B. (2007). Health, mental health, substance use, and service utilization among rural and urban incarcerated women. Women’s Health Issues, 17, 183-192. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.whi.2007.02.004
Stoll, L. C., Lilley, T. G., & Pinter, K. (2017). Gender-blind sexism and rape myth acceptance. Violence Against Women, 23(1), 28-45. doi: 10.1177/1077801216636239
Stryker, S., & Burke, P. J. (2000). The past, present and future of an identity theory. Social Psychology Quarterly, 63, 284-297.
Stryker, S., & Serpe, R. T. (1994). Identity salience and psychological centrality: Equivalent, overlapping or complementary concepts. Social Psychology Quarterly, 57, 16-35.
U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, Administration for Children and Families, Administration on Children, Youth and Families, Children’s Bureau. (2016). Child maltreatment 2014. Retrieved on 2/22/2017 from http://www.acf.hhs.gov/programs/cb/research-data-technology/statistics-research/child- maltreatment
U.S. Department of Justice (2015). Hate Crime Statistics: Incidents and Offenses: Retrieved on 2/15/2017 from: https://ucr.fbi.gov/hate-crime/2015/home/topic-pages/incidentsandoffenses_final
Van Voorhis, P., Braswell, M., & Lester, D. (2009). Correctional counseling and rehabilitation (7th ed.). New Providence, NJ: Mathew Bender and Company
What’s the Connection Between child Abuse and Addiction? (n.d.). Retrieved on 3/19/2017 from: http://www.12keysrehab.com/blog/connection-between-child-abuse-and-addiction
Wright, E. M., Van Voorhis, P., Salisbury, E. J., & Bauman, A. (2012). Gender-responsive lessons learned and policy implications for women in prison a review. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 39(12), 1612-1632. doi: 10.1177/0093854812451088
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
a. Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
b. Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
c. Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).