An Investigation of Characteristics, Practices, and Leadership Styles of PBIS Coaches
Keywords: instructional coaching, leadership style, positive behavior support
AbstractAcross the country, local education agencies are using coaching to augment school-based leadership and support classroom instruction that improves student outcomes. Effective systems for positive behavioral interventions and supports (PBIS) include the establishment of coaching capacity to initiate and sustain implementation. We conducted a state-wide survey of district-level PBIS coaches (n = 41) to document and evaluate relationships across perceptions of skills, time allocations for service provision, and leadership style and school outcomes as measured by the School-wide Evaluation Tool, the School-Wide PBIS Implementation Inventory, and the stateâ€™s PBIS Recognition Process. Generally more positive outcomes were evident for district coaches who reported providing less than 35 hours per month of direct and indirect supports; and, perceptions of district coach skills and time related positively to outcomes. The reported leadership skills of coaches reflected a transformational (i.e., establishing relationships by gaining trust and confidence as a role model) rather than transactional (i.e., establishing relationships by rewards or punishments depending on performance) or laissez-faire (i.e., establishing relationships by allowing others to make decisions) approach to implementing and supporting PBIS with skills directed at the micro level (i.e., student, school, LEA) more evident than those associated with guiding state level decision-making. Implications for future research and practice are discussed.
This Agreement (the “Agreement”) is made by and between __________(“Author(s)”) and "JAEPR” (the “Journal”).Author AgreementBy submitting this research article entitled “_____________” ('article')to (JAEPR) published by the J. Murrey Atkins Library at the University of North Carolina at Charlotte, the Author(s) certify that:I. Warranties:A. Author __________(name) is legally authorized and possesses full power and authority on behalf of my co-authors [list names] to enter into this Agreement.B. Author warrants, on behalf of all article authors, that:a. the article is original, has not been formally published in any other peer-reviewed journal, is not under consideration for publication by any other journal and does not infringe any existing copyright or any other third party rights;b. The named authors (above) are the sole author(s) of the article. Any co-author not signing this Agreement personally has granted full authority to [named author in I.A.] to enter into this agreement of his/her behalf and to grant the following rights to JAEPR set forth below.c. the article contains nothing that is unlawful, libellous, or which would, if published, constitute a breach of contract.II.CopyrightAuthors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:a. Author(s) shall retain copyright to the article but grant the Journal right of first publication, and the irrevocable right to perpetually disseminate the article as part of the Journal subject to the Creative Commons Attribution License, that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.b. Beginning one year after the date of formal publication of the article, Authors may enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work and subject to the Creative Commons Attribution License (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), subject to a proper acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal: “This article was originally published in the Dialog (Vol., Issue, Year).”III. Indemnification.Author shall indemnify, defend, and hold harmless the Journal from any and all claims, liabilities, damages, expenses (including attorneys’ fees and expert costs’, penalties, fees, if any arising from enforcement of this Agreement and/or related to claims of infringement of copyrights or proprietary rights allegedly contained in the Article , or resulting from a claim of defamation, obscenity, or invasion of privacy based upon or arising out of the publication of the Article or any other breach of warranty as set forth in No. 1.