The Literacy Skills of Children with One versus Two Years of Head Start Attendance
Keywords:Keywords, preschool assessment, Early Head Start, Head Start, early literacy
Research Findings: This quantitative study was designed to investigate whether children who return to a Head Start program (for a second year or from an Early Head Start Program) have different literacy skills and perform better than newly enrolled children, and to compare returning childrenâ€™s literacy skills from rural, suburban and urban centers. This study uses the Language and Emerging Literacy Assessment (LELA) and analyzes the literacy scores of 2,305 3- and 4-year olds, from 39 Head Start centers in Alabama. The results reveal that returning children have higher literacy skills, but the return effect in centers differs depending on centerâ€™s location, percentage of 3 year olds, and percentage of ESL children. Practice or Policy: The results indicate that policymakers should consider the benefits of more than one year in a Head Start program. However, another policy issue is the differences in quality and resources among Head Start centers. In our results, the benefits of returning to a Head Start were higher in an urban than a rural location, suggesting that children who return to a center in an urban region may receive a higher quality education than in a center in other regions.
This Agreement (the Agreement) is made by and between __________(Author(s)) and "JAEPR" (the Journal)). Author Agreement By submitting this research article entitled "_____________" ('article') to (JAEPR) published by the J. Murrey Atkins Library at the University of North Carolina at Charlotte, the Author(s) certify that: I. Warranties: A. Author __________(name) is legally authorized and possesses full power and authority on behalf of my co-authors [list names] to enter into this Agreement. B. Author warrants, on behalf of all article authors, that:a. the article is original, has not been formally published in any other peer-reviewed journal, is not under consideration for publication by any other journal and does not infringe any existing copyright or any other third party rights;b. The named authors (above) are the sole author(s) of the article. Any co-author not signing this Agreement personally has granted full authority to [named author in I.A.] to enter into this agreement of his/her behalf and to grant the following rights to JAEPR set forth below.c. the article contains nothing that is unlawful, libellous, or which would, if published, constitute a breach of contract.II.CopyrightAuthors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms: a. Author(s) shall retain copyright to the article but grant the Journal right of first publication, and the irrevocable right to perpetually disseminate the article as part of the Journal subject to the Creative Commons Attribution License, that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.b. Beginning one year after the date of formal publication of the article, Authors may enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work and subject to the Creative Commons Attribution License (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), subject to a proper acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal: â€œThis article was originally published in the Dialog (Vol., Issue, Year). III. Indemnification. Author shall indemnify, defend, and hold harmless the Journal from any and all claims, liabilities, damages, expenses (including attorneys fees and expert costs, penalties, fees, if any arising from enforcement of this Agreement and/or related to claims of infringement of copyrights or proprietary rights allegedly contained in the Article , or resulting from a claim of defamation, obscenity, or invasion of privacy based upon or arising out of the publication of the Article or any other breach of warranty as set forth in No. 1.