Perceptions of School Disciplinary Measures


  • Rachel Schaeffer Maryville University


school-to-prison pipeline, implicit bias, exclusionary discipline


Previous research has shown a disparity in school discipline, with minority students being overrepresented in exclusionary discipline compared to their White peers. The implications of overrepresentation in exclusionary discipline appear to be detrimental. Using a mixed design, this study examined how participants perceived punishments for students of varying ethnicities (Black, White, and Hispanic) and genders (male and female). It also examined the role of participants’ ethnicities and genders on their perceptions of punishments for students of the same or different demographics. Data was collected from participants of varying ages, genders, and races. However, most participants were white females. Results found a significant difference in the amount of days of in-school suspension given to Black students. However, the results were inconclusive involving Hispanic students. No significant results were found involving gender and the amount of days of suspension. Additionally, participants’ own identities did not appear to play a role.  






Empirical Research